#### Volume 6, issue 1 (2006)

 Recent Issues
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Sweepouts of amalgamated 3–manifolds

### David Bachman, Saul Schleimer and Eric Sedgwick

Algebraic & Geometric Topology 6 (2006) 171–194
 arXiv: math.GT/0507490
##### Abstract

We show that if two 3–manifolds with toroidal boundary are glued via a “sufficiently complicated" map then every Heegaard splitting of the resulting 3–manifold is weakly reducible. Additionally, suppose $X{\cup }_{F}Y$ is a manifold obtained by gluing $X$ and $Y$, two connected small manifolds with incompressible boundary, along a closed surface $F$. Then the following inequality on genera is obtained:

$g\left(X{\cup }_{F}Y\right)\ge \frac{1}{2}\left(g\left(X\right)+g\left(Y\right)-2g\left(F\right)\right).$

Both results follow from a new technique to simplify the intersection between an incompressible surface and a strongly irreducible Heegaard splitting.

##### Keywords
Heegaard splitting, incompressible surface
##### Mathematical Subject Classification 2000
Primary: 57N10, 57M99
Secondary: 57M27