Vol. 4, No. 3, 2010

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ISSN: 1944-7833 (e-only)
ISSN: 1937-0652 (print)
K3 surfaces with Picard rank 20

Matthias Schütt

Vol. 4 (2010), No. 3, 335–356

We determine all complex K3 surfaces with Picard rank 20 over . Here the Néron–Severi group has rank 20 and is generated by divisors which are defined over . Our proof uses modularity, the Artin–Tate conjecture and class group theory. With different techniques, the result has been established by Elkies to show that Mordell–Weil rank 18 over is impossible for an elliptic K3 surface. We apply our methods to general singular K3 surfaces, that is, those with Néron–Severi group of rank 20, but not necessarily generated by divisors over .

singular K3 surface, Artin–Tate conjecture, complex multiplication, modular form, class group
Mathematical Subject Classification 2000
Primary: 14J28
Secondary: 11F11, 11G15, 11G25, 11R29
Received: 21 July 2009
Revised: 14 November 2009
Accepted: 31 December 2009
Published: 5 February 2010
Matthias Schütt
Institut für Algebraische Geometrie
Leibniz Universität Hannover
Welfengarten 1
30167 Hannover