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ISSN (electronic): 1364-0380
ISSN (print): 1465-3060
Tree homology and a conjecture of Levine

James Conant, Rob Schneiderman and Peter Teichner

Geometry & Topology 16 (2012) 555–600
Abstract

In his study of the group of homology cylinders, J Levine [Algebr. Geom. Topol. 2 (2002) 1197–1204] made the conjecture that a certain group homomorphism η: T D is an isomorphism. Both T and D are defined combinatorially using trivalent trees and have strong connections to a variety of topological settings, including the mapping class group, homology cylinders, finite type invariants, Whitney tower intersection theory and the homology of Out(Fn). In this paper, we confirm Levine’s conjecture by applying discrete Morse theory to certain subcomplexes of a Kontsevich-type graph complex. These are chain complexes generated by trees, and we identify particular homology groups of them with the domain T and range D of Levine’s map.

The isomorphism η is a key to classifying the structure of links up to grope and Whitney tower concordance, as explained in [Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 108 (2011) 8131–8138; arXiv 1202.3463]. In this paper and [arXiv 1202.2482] we apply our result to confirm and improve upon Levine’s conjectured relation between two filtrations of the group of homology cylinders.

Keywords
Levine conjecture, tree homology, homology cylinder, Whitney tower, discrete Morse theory, quasi-Lie algebra
Mathematical Subject Classification 2010
Primary: 57M27, 57M25
Secondary: 57N10
References
Publication
Received: 13 December 2010
Revised: 16 January 2012
Accepted: 16 January 2012
Published: 8 April 2012
Proposed: Rob Kirby
Seconded: David Gabai, Cameron Gordon
Authors
James Conant
Department of Mathematics
University of Tennessee
Knoxville TN 37996
USA
Rob Schneiderman
Department of Mathematics and Computer Science
Lehman College, CUNY
250 Bedford Park Boulevard West
Bronx NY 10468-1589
USA
http://comet.lehman.cuny.edu/schneiderman/
Peter Teichner
Department of Mathematics
University of California, Berkeley and MPIM Bonn
Berkeley CA 94720-3840
USA
http://math.berkeley.edu/~teichner/