Vol. 5, No. 2, 2012

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ISSN: 1944-4184 (e-only)
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A two-step conditionally bounded numerical integrator to approximate some traveling-wave solutions of a diffusion-reaction equation

Siegfried Macías and Jorge E. Macías-Díaz

Vol. 5 (2012), No. 2, 219–227
Abstract

We develop a finite-difference scheme to approximate the bounded solutions of the classical Fisher–Kolmogorov–Petrovsky–Piskunov equation from population dynamics, in which the nonlinear reaction term assumes a generalized logistic form. Historically, the existence of wave-front solutions for this model is a well-known fact; more generally, the existence of solutions of this equation which are bounded between 0 and 1 at all time, is likewise known, whence the need to develop numerical methods that guarantee the positivity and the boundedness of such solutions follows necessarily. The method is implicit, relatively easy to implement, and is capable of preserving the positivity and the boundedness of the new approximations under a simple parameter constraint. The proof of the most important properties of the scheme is carried out with the help of the theory of M-matrices. Finally, the technique is tested against some traveling-wave solutions of the model under investigation; the results evince the fact that the method performs well in the cases considered.

Keywords
Fisher's equation, bounded/positive solutions, finite-difference scheme, boundedness/positivity preservation, inverse-positive matrices
Mathematical Subject Classification 2010
Primary: 35K15, 65M06
Secondary: 35K55, 35K57
Milestones
Received: 28 November 2011
Accepted: 12 May 2012
Published: 27 January 2013

Communicated by Emil Minchev
Authors
Siegfried Macías
Universidad Autónoma de Aguascalientes
Avenida Universidad 940
Ciudad Universitaria
Aguascalientes, Aguascalientes 20131
Mexico
Jorge E. Macías-Díaz
Departamento de Matemáticas y Física
Universidad Autónoma de Aguascalientes
Avenida Universidad 940
Ciudad Universitaria
Aguascalientes, Aguascalientes 20131
Mexico