#### Vol. 8, No. 3, 2015

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Embedding groups into distributive subsets of the monoid of binary operations

### Gregory Mezera

Vol. 8 (2015), No. 3, 433–437
##### Abstract

Let $X$ be a set and $Bin\left(X\right)$ the set of all binary operations on $X$. We say that $S\subset Bin\left(X\right)$ is a distributive set of operations if all pairs of elements ${\ast }_{\alpha },{\ast }_{\beta }\in S$ are right distributive, that is, $\left(a{\ast }_{\alpha }b\right){\ast }_{\beta }c=\left(a{\ast }_{\beta }c\right){\ast }_{\alpha }\left(b{\ast }_{\beta }c\right)$ (we allow ${\ast }_{\alpha }={\ast }_{\beta }$).

The question of which groups can be realized as distributive sets was asked by J. Przytycki. The initial guess that embedding into $Bin\left(X\right)$ for some $X$ holds for any $G$ was complicated by an observation that if $\ast \in S$ is idempotent ($a\ast a=a$), then $\ast$ commutes with every element of $S$. The first noncommutative subgroup of $Bin\left(X\right)$ (the group ${S}_{3}$) was found in October 2011 by Y. Berman.

Here we show that any group can be embedded in $Bin\left(X\right)$ for $X=G$ (as a set). We also discuss minimality of embeddings observing, in particular, that $X$ with six elements is the smallest set such that $Bin\left(X\right)$ contains a nonabelian subgroup.

##### Keywords
monoid of binary operations, distributive set, shelf, multishelf, distributive homology, embedding, group
##### Mathematical Subject Classification 2010
Primary: 55N35
Secondary: 18G60, 57M25
##### Milestones
Received: 31 October 2012
Revised: 20 March 2014
Accepted: 27 April 2014
Published: 5 June 2015

Communicated by Kenneth S. Berenhaut
##### Authors
 Gregory Mezera Department of Mathematics George Washington University Washington, DC 20052 United States