Vol. 4, No. 2, 2009

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ISSN: 1559-3959
Thermal effects of collisions: Does rain turn into ice when it falls on frozen ground?

Anna Maria Caucci and Michel Frémond

Vol. 4 (2009), No. 2, 225–244
Abstract

The phase changes produced by the thermal effects of collisions are investigated. The behaviour of warm rain falling on a deeply frozen ground is predicted. The ice-water phase change involves microscopic motions that are taken into account in the predictive theory.

Dedicated to H. D. Bui, V. K. Dang, G. Del Piero, J. Salençon, J. Zarka.

Keywords
predictive theory, collisions, phase change, black ice
Milestones
Received: 20 December 2007
Revised: 2 November 2008
Accepted: 8 November 2008
Published: 12 April 2009
Authors
Anna Maria Caucci
Università di Bologna
Dipartimento di Matematica
Piazza di Porta S. Donato, 5
40126 Bologna
Italy
Michel Frémond
Università di Roma Tor Vergata
Laboratorio Lagrange
Dipartimento di Ingegneria Civile
Via del Politecnico, 1
00133 Roma
Italy