Vol. 4, No. 5, 2009

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ISSN: 1559-3959
A cochlear model using the time-averaged Lagrangian and the push-pull mechanism in the organ of Corti

Yongjin Yoon, Sunil Puria and Charles R. Steele

Vol. 4 (2009), No. 5, 977–986
Abstract

In our previous work, the basilar membrane velocity V BM for a gerbil cochlea was calculated and compared with physiological measurements. The calculated V BM showed excessive phase excursion and, in the active case, a best-frequency place shift of approximately two fifths of an octave higher. Here we introduce a refined model that uses the time-averaged Lagrangian for the conservative system to resolve the phase excursion issues. To improve the overestimated best-frequency place found in the previous feed-forward active model, we implement in the new model a push-pull mechanism from the outer hair cells and phalangeal process. Using this new model, the V BM for the gerbil cochlea was calculated and compared with animal measurements, The results show excellent agreement for mapping the location of the maximum response to frequency, while the agreement for the response at a fixed point as a function of frequency is excellent for the amplitude and good for the phase.

Keywords
cochlear active model, basilar membrane velocity, outer hair cell, push-pull mechanism, gerbil
Milestones
Received: 31 July 2008
Revised: 16 May 2009
Accepted: 17 May 2009
Published: 5 September 2009
Authors
Yongjin Yoon
Stanford University
Mechanical Engineering
Durand Building, Room 262
Stanford, CA 94305
United States
Sunil Puria
Stanford University
Mechanical Engineering
Durand Building, Room 262
Stanford, CA 94305
United States
Stanford University
Otolaryngology — Head and Neck Surgery
Stanford, CA 94305
United States
Charles R. Steele
Stanford University
Mechanical Engineering
Durand Building, Room 262
Stanford, CA 94305
United States