Vol. 5, No. 5, 2010

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ISSN: 1559-3959
Genetic programming and orthogonal least squares: a hybrid approach to modeling the compressive strength of CFRP-confined concrete cylinders

Amir Hossein Gandomi, Amir Hossein Alavi, Parvin Arjmandi, Alireza Aghaeifar and Reza Seyednour

Vol. 5 (2010), No. 5, 735–753
Abstract

The main objective of this paper is to apply genetic programming (GP) with an orthogonal least squares (OLS) algorithm to derive a predictive model for the compressive strength of carbon fiber-reinforced plastic (CFRP) confined concrete cylinders. The GP/OLS model was developed based on experimental results obtained from the literature. Traditional GP-based and least squares regression analyses were performed using the same variables and data sets to benchmark the GP/OLS model. A subsequent parametric analysis was carried out and the trends of the results were confirmed via previous laboratory studies. The results indicate that the proposed formula can predict the ultimate compressive strength of concrete cylinders with an acceptable level of accuracy. The GP/OLS results are more accurate than those obtained using GP, regression, or several CFRP confinement models found in the literature. The GP/OLS-based formula is simple and straightforward, and provides a valuable tool for analysis.

Keywords
genetic programming, orthogonal least squares, CFRP confinement, concrete compressive strength, formulation
Milestones
Received: 10 March 2009
Revised: 17 November 2009
Accepted: 31 March 2010
Published: 3 December 2010
Authors
Amir Hossein Gandomi
College of Civil Engineering
Tafresh University
Tafresh
Iran
Amir Hossein Alavi
School of Civil Engineering
Iran University of Science and Technology
Tehran
Iran
Parvin Arjmandi
College of Civil Engineering
Tafresh University
Tafresh
Iran
Alireza Aghaeifar
Department of Civil Engineering
Islamic Azad University
Kashmar Branch
Kashmar
Iran
Reza Seyednour
Department of Research
University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences
Tehran
Iran