Vol. 9, No. 5, 2014

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ISSN: 1559-3959
Force–displacement relationship in the extraction of a porcine tooth from its socket: experiments and numerical simulations

Francesco Genna and Corrado Paganelli

Vol. 9 (2014), No. 5, 497–514
Abstract

Results of new investigations about the global tensile stiffness and strength of the periodontal ligament are presented. Experimental results are reported first, referring to the extraction of swine teeth from their sockets: force–displacement curves are shown, obtained from samples including a portion of the jaw and a canine swine tooth. Numerical simulations of the same tooth extraction tests are then presented, which exploit specific modelling techniques previously developed. In particular, use is made of an interface finite element capable to describe the fibrous structure of the periodontal ligament, and of a stress–stretch constitutive model, for a single collagen fibre, based on the multiscale nature of its subfibrillar microstructure. The comparison between the new experimental results and the numerical ones helps in understanding the soundness of the adopted mechanical models in the simulations. This study is expected to be mainly useful in providing results usable for the indirect validation of mechanical models of both the periodontal ligament and its basic constituent, the single collagen fibre.

Keywords
periodontal ligament, tooth extraction, experiments, numerical simulations
Milestones
Received: 19 February 2014
Revised: 18 June 2014
Accepted: 19 July 2014
Published: 14 December 2014
Authors
Francesco Genna
Department of Civil Engineering
University of Brescia
Via Branze 43
I-25123 Brescia
Italy
Corrado Paganelli
Dental Clinic
University of Brescia
Piazzale Spedali Civili, 1
I-25123 Brescia
Italy