Volume 3, issue 2 (2003)

Download this article
For printing
Recent Issues

Volume 17
Issue 6, 3213–3852
Issue 5, 2565–3212
Issue 4, 1917–2564
Issue 3, 1283–1916
Issue 2, 645–1281
Issue 1, 1–643

Volume 16, 6 issues

Volume 15, 6 issues

Volume 14, 6 issues

Volume 13, 6 issues

Volume 12, 4 issues

Volume 11, 5 issues

Volume 10, 4 issues

Volume 9, 4 issues

Volume 8, 4 issues

Volume 7, 4 issues

Volume 6, 5 issues

Volume 5, 4 issues

Volume 4, 2 issues

Volume 3, 2 issues

Volume 2, 2 issues

Volume 1, 2 issues

The Journal
About the Journal
Subscriptions
Editorial Board
Editorial Interests
Editorial Procedure
Submission Guidelines
Submission Page
Author Index
To Appear
ISSN (electronic): 1472-2739
ISSN (print): 1472-2747
Algebraic linking numbers of knots in 3–manifolds

Rob Schneiderman

Algebraic & Geometric Topology 3 (2003) 921–968

arXiv: math.GT/0202024

Abstract

Relative self-linking and linking “numbers” for pairs of oriented knots and 2–component links in oriented 3–manifolds are defined in terms of intersection invariants of immersed surfaces in 4–manifolds. The resulting concordance invariants generalize the usual homological notion of linking by taking into account the fundamental group of the ambient manifold and often map onto infinitely generated groups. The knot invariants generalize the type 1 invariants of Kirk and Livingston and when taken with respect to certain preferred knots, called spherical knots, relative self-linking numbers are characterized geometrically as the complete obstruction to the existence of a singular concordance which has all singularities paired by Whitney disks. This geometric equivalence relation, called W–equivalence, is also related to finite type 1–equivalence (in the sense of Habiro and Goussarov) via the work of Conant and Teichner and represents a “first order” improvement to an arbitrary singular concordance. For null-homotopic knots, a slightly weaker equivalence relation is shown to admit a group structure.

Keywords
concordance invariant, knots, linking number, 3–manifold
Mathematical Subject Classification 2000
Primary: 57M27
Secondary: 57N10, 57M25
References
Forward citations
Publication
Received: 26 February 2003
Revised: 2 September 2003
Accepted: 5 September 2003
Published: 2 October 2003
Authors
Rob Schneiderman
Courant Institute of Mathematical Sciences
New York University
251 Mercer Street
New York NY 10012-1185
USA