#### Volume 17, issue 2 (2017)

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Thickness, relative hyperbolicity, and randomness in Coxeter groups

### Appendix: Jason Behrstock, Mark F Hagen, Alessandro Sisto and Pierre-Emmanuel Caprace

Algebraic & Geometric Topology 17 (2017) 705–740
##### Abstract

For right-angled Coxeter groups ${W}_{\Gamma }$, we obtain a condition on $\Gamma$ that is necessary and sufficient to ensure that ${W}_{\Gamma }$ is thick and thus not relatively hyperbolic. We show that Coxeter groups which are not thick all admit canonical minimal relatively hyperbolic structures; further, we show that in such a structure, the peripheral subgroups are both parabolic (in the Coxeter group-theoretic sense) and strongly algebraically thick. We exhibit a polynomial-time algorithm that decides whether a right-angled Coxeter group is thick or relatively hyperbolic. We analyze random graphs in the Erdős–Rényi model and establish the asymptotic probability that a random right-angled Coxeter group is thick.

In the joint appendix, we study Coxeter groups in full generality, and we also obtain a dichotomy whereby any such group is either strongly algebraically thick or admits a minimal relatively hyperbolic structure. In this study, we also introduce a notion we call intrinsic horosphericity, which provides a dynamical obstruction to relative hyperbolicity which generalizes thickness.

##### Keywords
Coxeter group, divergence, relatively hyperbolic group, thick group, random graph, Erdős–Rényi
##### Mathematical Subject Classification 2010
Primary: 05C80, 20F55, 20F65

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