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The topology of arrangements of ideal type

Nils Amend and Gerhard Röhrle

Algebraic & Geometric Topology 19 (2019) 1341–1358

In 1962, Fadell and Neuwirth showed that the configuration space of the braid arrangement is aspherical. Having generalized this to many real reflection groups, Brieskorn conjectured this for all finite Coxeter groups. This in turn follows from Deligne’s seminal work from 1972, where he showed that the complexification of every real simplicial arrangement is a K(π,1)–arrangement.

We study the K(π,1)–property for a certain class of subarrangements of Weyl arrangements, the so-called arrangements of ideal type A. These stem from ideals  in the set of positive roots of a reduced root system. We show that the K(π,1)–property holds for all arrangements A if the underlying Weyl group is classical and that it extends to most of the A if the underlying Weyl group is of exceptional type. Conjecturally this holds for all A. In general, the A are neither simplicial nor is their complexification of fiber type.

Weyl arrangement, arrangement of ideal type, $K(\pi,1)$ arrangement
Mathematical Subject Classification 2010
Primary: 14N20, 20F55, 52C35
Secondary: 13N15
Received: 30 January 2018
Revised: 21 August 2018
Accepted: 24 October 2018
Published: 21 May 2019
Nils Amend
Institut für Algebra, Zahlentheorie und Diskrete Mathematik
Fakultät für Mathematik und Physik
Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz Universität Hannover
Gerhard Röhrle
Fakultät für Mathematik
Ruhr-Universität Bochum