Volume 19, issue 7 (2019)

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Symplectic structure perturbations and continuity of symplectic invariants

Jun Zhang

Algebraic & Geometric Topology 19 (2019) 3261–3314
Abstract

This paper studies how symplectic invariants created from Hamiltonian Floer theory change under the perturbations of symplectic structures, not necessarily in the same cohomology class. These symplectic invariants include spectral invariants, boundary depth, and (partial) symplectic quasistates. This paper can split into two parts. In the first part, we prove some energy estimations which control the shifts of symplectic action functionals. These directly imply positive conclusions on the continuity of spectral invariants and boundary depth in some important cases, including any symplectic surface Σg1 and any closed symplectic manifold M with dimKH2(M;K) = 1. This follows by applications on some rigidity of the subsets of a symplectic manifold in terms of heaviness and superheaviness, as well as on the continuity property of some symplectic capacities. In the second part, we generalize the construction in the first part to any closed symplectic manifold. In particular, to deal with the change of Novikov rings from symplectic structure perturbations, we construct a family of variant Floer chain complexes over a common Novikov-type ring. In this setup, we define a new family of spectral invariants called t–spectral invariants, and prove that they are upper semicontinuous under the symplectic structure perturbations. This implies a quasi-isometric embedding from (,||) to (Ham˜(M,ω),dH) under some dynamical assumption, imitating the main result of Usher (Ann. Sci. Éc. Norm. Supér. 46 (2013) 57–128).

Keywords
symplectic structure perturbation, spectral invariant, Novikov ring, boundary depth
Mathematical Subject Classification 2010
Primary: 37J05, 37K65, 53D40
References
Publication
Received: 2 April 2017
Revised: 18 January 2019
Accepted: 4 June 2019
Published: 17 December 2019
Authors
Jun Zhang
School of Mathematical Sciences
Tel Aviv University
Tel Aviv
Israel