Vol. 7, No. 7, 2013

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Multiplicative excellent families of elliptic surfaces of type $E_7$ or $E_8$

Abhinav Kumar and Tetsuji Shioda

Vol. 7 (2013), No. 7, 1613–1641

We describe explicit multiplicative excellent families of rational elliptic surfaces with Galois group isomorphic to the Weyl group of the root lattices E7 or E8. The Weierstrass coefficients of each family are related by an invertible polynomial transformation to the generators of the multiplicative invariant ring of the associated Weyl group, given by the fundamental characters of the corresponding Lie group. As an application, we give examples of elliptic surfaces with multiplicative reduction and all sections defined over for most of the entries of fiber configurations and Mordell–Weil lattices described by Oguiso and Shioda, as well as examples of explicit polynomials with Galois group W(E7) or W(E8).

rational elliptic surfaces, multiplicative invariants, inverse Galois problem, Weyl group, Mordell–Weil group
Mathematical Subject Classification 2010
Primary: 14J27
Secondary: 11G05, 12F10, 13A50
Received: 8 April 2012
Revised: 13 December 2012
Accepted: 10 January 2013
Published: 12 October 2013
Abhinav Kumar
Department of Mathematics
Massachusetts Institute of Technology
77 Massachusetts Avenue
Cambridge, MA 02139
United States
Tetsuji Shioda
Department of Mathematics
Rikkyo University
3-34-1 Nishi-Ikebukuro Toshima-ku
Tokyo 171-8501