Vol. 13, No. 5, 2020

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When does a perturbed Moser–Trudinger inequality admit an extremal?

Pierre-Damien Thizy

Vol. 13 (2020), No. 5, 1371–1415
Abstract

We are interested in several questions raised mainly by Mancini and Martinazzi (2017) (see also work of McLeod and Peletier (1989) and Pruss (1996)). We consider the perturbed Moser–Trudinger inequality Iαg(Ω) at the critical level α = 4π, where g, satisfying g(t) 0 as t +, can be seen as a perturbation with respect to the original case g 0. Under some additional assumptions, ensuring basically that g does not oscillate too fast as t +, we identify a new condition on g for this inequality to have an extremal. This condition covers the case g 0 studied by Carleson and Chang (1986), Struwe (1988), and Flucher (1992). We prove also that this condition is sharp in the sense that, if it is not satisfied, I4πg(Ω) may have no extremal.

Keywords
Moser–Trudinger inequality, blow-up analysis, elliptic equations, extremal function
Mathematical Subject Classification 2010
Primary: 35B33, 35B44, 35J15, 35J61
Milestones
Received: 6 February 2018
Revised: 13 March 2019
Accepted: 12 May 2019
Published: 27 July 2020
Authors
Pierre-Damien Thizy
Université Claude Bernard Lyon 1
CNRS UMR 5208
Institut Camille Jordan
Villeurbanne
France