Vol. 14, No. 6, 2021

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On the expected Betti numbers of the nodal set of random fields

Igor Wigman

Vol. 14 (2021), No. 6, 1797–1816
Abstract

This note concerns the asymptotics of the expected total Betti numbers of the nodal set for an important class of Gaussian ensembles of random fields on Riemannian manifolds. By working with the limit random field defined on the Euclidean space we were able to obtain a locally precise asymptotic result, though due to the possible positive contribution of large percolating components this does not allow us to infer a global result. As a by-product of our analysis, we refine the lower bound of Gayet and Welschinger for the important Kostlan ensemble of random polynomials and its generalisation to Kähler manifolds.

Keywords
Gaussian random fields, Betti numbers, nodal sets, scaling limit, ergodicity
Mathematical Subject Classification 2010
Primary: 57R99, 60G15
Milestones
Received: 30 April 2019
Revised: 18 November 2019
Accepted: 9 March 2020
Published: 7 September 2021
Authors
Igor Wigman
Department of Mathematics
King’s College London
London
United Kingdom