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Chern–Schwartz–MacPherson classes of degeneracy loci

László M Fehér and Richárd Rimányi

Geometry & Topology 22 (2018) 3575–3622

The Chern–Schwartz–MacPherson class (CSM) and the Segre–Schwartz–MacPherson class (SSM) are deformations of the fundamental class of an algebraic variety. They encode finer enumerative invariants of the variety than its fundamental class. In this paper we offer three contributions to the theory of equivariant CSM/SSM classes. First, we prove an interpolation characterization for CSM classes of certain representations. This method — inspired by recent work of Maulik and Okounkov and of Gorbounov, Rimányi, Tarasov and Varchenko — does not require a resolution of singularities and often produces explicit (not sieve) formulas for CSM classes. Second, using the interpolation characterization we prove explicit formulas — including residue generating sequences — for the CSM and SSM classes of matrix Schubert varieties. Third, we suggest that a stable version of the SSM class of matrix Schubert varieties will serve as the building block of equivariant SSM theory, similarly to how the Schur functions are the building blocks of fundamental class theory. We illustrate these phenomena, and related stability and (two-step) positivity properties for some relevant representations.

characteristic classes of singular varieties, Chern–Schwartz–MacPherson class, degeneracy loci
Mathematical Subject Classification 2010
Primary: 14M15, 32S20, 14C17
Secondary: 14E15, 14N15, 57R20
Received: 11 July 2017
Revised: 29 January 2018
Accepted: 5 March 2018
Published: 23 September 2018
Proposed: Frances Kirwan
Seconded: Dan Abramovich, András I Stipsicz
László M Fehér
Department of Analysis
Eötvös University
Richárd Rimányi
Department of Mathematics
University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
Chapel Hill, NC
United States