Volume 19 (2015)

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Broken Lefschetz fibrations and mapping class groups

R İnanç Baykur and Kenta Hayano

Geometry & Topology Monographs 19 (2015) 269–290
 arXiv: 1410.5531
Abstract

The purpose of this note is to explain a combinatorial description of closed smooth oriented $4$–manifolds in terms of positive Dehn twist factorizations of surface mapping classes, and further explore these connections. This is obtained via monodromy representations of simplified broken Lefschetz fibrations on $4$–manifolds, for which we provide an extension of Hurwitz moves that allows us to uniquely determine the isomorphism class of a broken Lefschetz fibration. We furthermore discuss broken Lefschetz fibrations whose monodromies are contained in special subgroups of the mapping class group; namely, the hyperelliptic mapping class group and in the Torelli group, respectively, and present various results on them which extend or contrast with those known to hold for honest Lefschetz fibrations. Lastly, we observe that there are infinitely many pairwise nonisomorphic broken Lefschetz fibrations with smoothly isotopic regular fibers.

Keywords
broken Lefschetz fibration, Hurwitz system
Mathematical Subject Classification 2010
Primary: 30F99, 57R45
Publication
Received: 3 June 2015
Accepted: 3 June 2015
Published: 29 December 2015
Authors
 R İnanç Baykur Department of Mathematics and Statistics University of Massachusetts Amherst, MA 01003-9305 USA Kenta Hayano Department of Mathematics Graduate School of Science Hokkaido University Sapporo, Hokkaido 060-0810 Japan