Vol. 11, No. 5, 2018

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Pythagorean orthogonality of compact sets

Pallavi Aggarwal, Steven Schlicker and Ryan Swartzentruber

Vol. 11 (2018), No. 5, 735–752

The Hausdorff metric h is used to define the distance between two elements of (n), the hyperspace of all nonempty compact subsets of n. The geometry this metric imposes on (n) is an interesting one — it is filled with unexpected results and fascinating connections to number theory and graph theory. Circles and lines are defined in this geometry to make it an extension of the standard Euclidean geometry. However, the behavior of lines and segments in this extended geometry is much different from that of lines and segments in Euclidean geometry. This paper presents surprising results about rays in the geometry of (n), with a focus on attempting to find well-defined notions of angle and angle measure in (n).

Hausdorff metric, Pythagorean orthogonality, Pythagorean triples
Mathematical Subject Classification 2010
Primary: 51FXX
Received: 17 September 2015
Revised: 2 March 2017
Accepted: 3 December 2017
Published: 2 April 2018

Communicated by Kenneth S. Berenhaut
Pallavi Aggarwal
California Institute of Technology
Pasadena, CA
United States
Steven Schlicker
Department of Mathematics
Grand Valley State University
Allendale, MI
United States
Ryan Swartzentruber
Eastern Mennonite University
Harrisonburg, VA
United States