Vol. 13, No. 2, 2020

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Numerical semigroup tree of multiplicities 4 and 5

Abby Greco, Jesse Lansford and Michael Steward

Vol. 13 (2020), No. 2, 301–322
Abstract

A numerical semigroup S is a cofinite submonoid of the nonnegative integers under addition. The cardinality of the complement of S in the nonnegative integers is called the genus. The smallest nonzero element of S is the multiplicity of S. There is an extensive literature about the tree of numerical semigroups, which has been used to count numerical semigroups by genus, yet the structure of the tree itself has not been described in the literature. In this paper, we completely describe the structure of the subtrees of the numerical semigroup tree of multiplicities 4 and 5. We conclude with an application of these numerical semigroup trees’ structure.

Keywords
numerical semigroup, tree of numerical semigroups
Mathematical Subject Classification 2010
Primary: 05A15, 20M14
Secondary: 11D07
Milestones
Received: 6 August 2019
Revised: 16 December 2019
Accepted: 15 January 2020
Published: 30 March 2020

Communicated by Vadim Ponomarenko
Authors
Abby Greco
Department of Mathematical Sciences
United States Military Academy at West Point
West Point, NY
United States
Jesse Lansford
Department of Mathematical Sciences
United States Military Academy at West Point
West Point, NY
United States
Michael Steward
Department of Mathematical Sciences
United States Military Academy at West Point
West Point, NY
United States