Download this article For screen For printing  Recent Issues  The Journal About the Journal Editorial Board Editors’ Interests Subscriptions Submission Guidelines Submission Form Policies for Authors Ethics Statement ISSN: 1944-4184 (e-only) ISSN: 1944-4176 (print) Author Index Coming Soon Other MSP Journals  On equidistant polytopes in the Euclidean space

### Csaba Vincze, Márk Oláh and Letícia Lengyel

Vol. 13 (2020), No. 4, 577–595
##### Abstract

An equidistant polytope is a special equidistant set in the space ${ℝ}^{n}$ all of whose boundary points have equal distances from two finite systems of points. Since one of the finite systems of the given points is required to be in the interior of the convex hull of the other one, we can speak about inner and outer focal points of the equidistant polytope. It is of type $\left(q,p\right)$, where $q$ is the number of the outer focal points and $p$ is the number of the inner focal points. The equidistancy is the generalization of convexity because a convex polytope can be given as an equidistant polytope of type $\left(q,1\right)$, where $q\ge n+1$. We present some general results about the basic properties of the equidistant polytopes: convex components, graph representations, connectedness, correspondence to the Voronoi decomposition of the space etc. In particular, we are interested in equidistant polytopes of dimension $2$ (equidistant polygons). Equidistant polygons of type $\left(3,2\right)$ will be characterized in terms of a constructive (ruler-and-compass) process to recognize them. In general they are pentagons with exactly two concave angles such that the vertices at which the concave angles appear are joined by an inner diagonal related to the adjacent sides of the polygon in a special way via the three reflections theorem for concurrent lines. The last section is devoted to some special arrangements of the focal points to get the concave quadrangles as equidistant polygons of type $\left(3,2\right)$.

##### Keywords
Euclidean geometry, convex geometry, equidistant sets
Primary: 51M04