Vol. 1, No. 7, 2006

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ISSN: 1559-3959
The shear response of metallic square honeycombs

François Cote, Vikram S. Deshpande and Norman A. Fleck

Vol. 1 (2006), No. 7, 1281–1299
Abstract

Stainless steel square honeycombs have been manufactured by slotting together steel sheets and then brazing the assembly. Their out-of-plane shear response is measured as a function of the relative density of the honeycomb and of the direction of shearing with respect to the material axes of the square honeycomb. The response is nearly isotropic with the shear strength and reasonably insensitive to the loading direction. In contrast to the out-of-plane compressive response, the shear response is monotonically hardening and the shear strength scales linearly with relative density. A simple analytical model based upon uniform deformation of the cell walls is in good agreement with the measured shear behavior at low shear strains, and predicts the onset of wrinkling of the cell walls to reasonable accuracy. Finite element (FE) calculations are accurate up to large values of shear strain, and reveal that the shear strength of the square honeycombs is relatively insensitive to the ratio of honeycomb height to cell size. The shear strength of square honeycombs compares favorably with other competing sandwich core topologies such as pyramidal and corrugated truss cores.

Keywords
honeycombs, wrinkling, shear strength, sandwich panels
Milestones
Received: 17 February 2006
Accepted: 12 May 2006
Published: 1 November 2006
Authors
François Cote
Cambridge University Engineering Department
Trumpington Street
Cambridge, CB2 1PZ
United Kingdom
Vikram S. Deshpande
Cambridge University Engineering Department
Trumpington Street
Cambridge, CB2 1PZ
United Kingdom
Norman A. Fleck
Cambridge University Engineering Department
Trumpington Street
Cambridge, CB2 1PZ
United Kingdom