Vol. 7, No. 4, 2012

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ISSN: 1559-3959
The effective thickness of laminated glass plates

Laura Galuppi and Gianni Royer-Carfagni

Vol. 7 (2012), No. 4, 375–400
Abstract

The flexural performance of laminated glass, a composite of two or more glass plies bonded together by polymeric interlayers, depends upon shear coupling between the glass components through the polymer. This effect is usually taken into account, in the design practice, through the definition of the effective thickness, i.e., the thickness of a monolith with equivalent bending properties in terms of stress and deflection. The traditional formulas à la Bennison–Wölfel are accurate only when the deformed bending shape of the plate is cylindrical and the plate response is similar to that of a beam under uniformly distributed load. Here, assuming approximating shape function for the deformation of laminated plates variously constrained at the edges, minimization of the corresponding strain energy furnishes new simple expressions for the effective thickness, which can be readily used in the design. Comparisons with accurate numerical simulations confirm the accuracy of the proposed simple method for laminated plates.

Keywords
structural glass, laminated glass, composite structure, laminated plate, effective thickness, energy minimization
Milestones
Received: 30 November 2011
Revised: 1 March 2012
Accepted: 16 March 2012
Published: 26 July 2012
Authors
Laura Galuppi
Civil-Environmental Engineering and Architecture
University of Parma
Parco Area delle Scienze 181/A, I
43124 Parma
Italy
Gianni Royer-Carfagni
Civil-Environmental Engineering and Architecture
University of Parma
Parco Area delle Scienze 181/A, I
43124 Parma
Italy