Vol. 16, No. 4, 2021

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Two-dimensional frictionless contact analysis of an orthotropic layer under gravity

Erdal Öner

Vol. 16 (2021), No. 4, 573–594

An analytical method for solving the two-dimensional frictionless continuous contact problem of an orthotropic layer pressed by a rigid stamp is presented in this paper. The orthotropic layer lies on a rigid foundation, and plane-strain orthotropy prevails in the layer, which is not bonded to the rigid foundation. An external load was applied to the orthotropic layer through a rigid stamp. The profiles of flat and cylindrical stamps as stamp shapes were handled separately. The orthotropic layer was assumed to be subjected to uniform vertical body forces owing to the effect of gravity. For values of the resultant compressive force P acting on the stamp vertically that were lesser than a critical value, the continuous contact along the orthotropic layer–rigid foundation interface was maintained. By assuming plane-strain conditions, the governing equations corresponding to the mentioned contact problem were extracted separately in the presence and absence of the body force of the orthotropic layer using the theory of elasticity and the Fourier integral transformation technique. Subsequently, the mixed boundary value problem was reduced to a singular integral equation, and the numerical solution of this singular integral equation was obtained by applying the Gauss–Chebyshev integration formulas. Numerical results reveal the effect of the orthotropic material parameters, stamp length (in the case of a flat stamp), stamp radius (in the case of a cylindrical stamp), applied load on the contact stress distributions, contact length, initial separation load and initial separation distance. The results of this study may provide insights for engineers in fields closely related to contact mechanics.

contact problem, orthotropic layer, initial separation distance, rigid stamp, initial separation load
Received: 24 May 2021
Revised: 6 July 2021
Accepted: 11 July 2021
Published: 9 November 2021
Erdal Öner
Department of Civil Engineering
Bayburt University
69010 Bayburt