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A state-of-art review on the mechanical performance of basalt textile reinforced concrete (BTRC)

Sophia Immanuel, Aniket Ojha, Baskar Kaliyamoorthy and Arun Murugesan

Vol. 18 (2023), No. 4, 593–618
DOI: 10.2140/jomms.2023.18.593

Textile-reinforced concrete (TRC) is a creative emerging composite material with enormous possibilities for structural applications. It makes it possible to fabricate robust, light, and thinner elements with a minimum concrete cover. With the ease of availability of basaltic rocks in India, basalt fibres and basalt biaxial textile meshes have found broad applicability in India and other countries around the globe. They have proved efficient compared to synthetic textiles in strengthening and toughening structural components. Basalt textile reinforced concrete (BTRC) has minimal research and application as a load-bearing structural component. The mechanical characteristics that govern the design of BTRC composites are reviewed in this article briefly. This review article is categorised into four main research areas, namely properties of basalt textiles, composite behaviour of BTRC in tension and flexure, dynamic response to impact loading, strengthening of existing structures. In addition, the advantages and disadvantages of BTRC in comparison to other TRCs has been discussed. Furthermore, this article proposed the futuristic direction to reinforce the research on the wide applicability of BTRC as a structural component specially for low-cost housing.

BTRC, basalt textiles, TRC, tensile strength, flexure, impact
Received: 22 September 2022
Revised: 4 May 2023
Accepted: 24 May 2023
Published: 27 July 2023
Sophia Immanuel
Department of Civil Engineering
National Insitute of Technology
Aniket Ojha
Department of Civil Engineering
National Insitute of Technology
Baskar Kaliyamoorthy
Department of Civil Engineering
National Insitute of Technology
Arun Murugesan
Department of Civil Engineering
PSG Institute of Technology and Applied Research