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Sharp bounds on Helmholtz impedance-to-impedance maps and application to overlapping domain decomposition

David Lafontaine and Euan A. Spence

Vol. 5 (2023), No. 4, 927–972

We prove sharp bounds on certain impedance-to-impedance maps (and their compositions) for the Helmholtz equation with large wavenumber (i.e., at high frequency) using semiclassical defect measures. Gong et al. (Numer. Math. 152:2 (2022), 259–306) recently showed that the behaviour of these impedance-to-impedance maps (and their compositions) dictates the convergence of the parallel overlapping Schwarz domain-decomposition method with impedance boundary conditions on the subdomain boundaries. For a model decomposition with two subdomains and sufficiently large overlap, the results of this paper combined with those of Gong et al. show that the parallel Schwarz method is power contractive, independent of the wavenumber. For strip-type decompositions with many subdomains, the results of this paper show that the composite impedance-to-impedance maps, in general, behave “badly” with respect to the wavenumber; nevertheless, by proving results about the composite maps applied to a restricted class of data, we give insight into the wavenumber-robustness of the parallel Schwarz method observed in the numerical experiments of Gong et al.

Helmholtz equation, domain decomposition methods, impedance to impedance maps, semiclassical analysis
Mathematical Subject Classification
Primary: 35J05, 65N55
Received: 27 November 2022
Revised: 10 July 2023
Accepted: 18 September 2023
Published: 15 December 2023
David Lafontaine
CNRS and Institut de Mathématiques de Toulouse
UMR5219 ; Université de Toulouse, CNRS ; UPS
Euan A. Spence
Department of Mathematical Sciences
University of Bath
United Kingdom