Vol. 2, No. 4, 2021

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Pinning for the critical and supercritical membrane model

Florian Schweiger

Vol. 2 (2021), No. 4, 745–820
Abstract

The membrane model is a Gaussian interface model with a Hamiltonian involving second derivatives of the interface height. We consider the model in dimension d 4 under the influence of δ-pinning of strength 𝜀. It is known that this pinning potential manages to localize the interface for any 𝜀 > 0. We refine this result by establishing the 𝜀-dependence of the variance and of the exponential decay rate of the covariances for small 𝜀 (similar to the corresponding results for the discrete Gaussian free field by Bolthausen and Velenik). We also show the existence of a thermodynamic limit of the field. These conclusions improve upon earlier works by Bolthausen, Cipriani and Kurt and by Sakagawa.

The problem has similarities to the homogenization of elliptic operators in randomly perforated domains, and our proof takes inspiration from this connection. The main new ideas are a correlation inequality for the set of pinned points, and a probabilistic Widman hole filler argument which relies on a discrete multipolar Hardy–Rellich inequality and on a multiscale argument to construct suitable test functions.

Keywords
stochastic interface model, membrane model, pinning, decay of correlations
Mathematical Subject Classification
Primary: 60G15
Secondary: 31B30, 35B27, 60G60, 60K35, 82B41
Milestones
Received: 29 July 2020
Revised: 3 May 2021
Accepted: 26 June 2021
Published: 19 February 2022
Authors
Florian Schweiger
Institut für angewandte Mathematik
Universität Bonn
Bonn
Germany
Department of Mathematics
Weizmann Institute of Science
Rehovot
Israel