Download this article
 Download this article For screen
For printing
Recent Issues

Volume 17
Issue 3, 363–541
Issue 2, 183–362
Issue 1, 1–182

Volume 16, 5 issues

Volume 15, 5 issues

Volume 14, 5 issues

Volume 13, 5 issues

Volume 12, 8 issues

Volume 11, 5 issues

Volume 10, 5 issues

Volume 9, 5 issues

Volume 8, 5 issues

Volume 7, 6 issues

Volume 6, 4 issues

Volume 5, 4 issues

Volume 4, 4 issues

Volume 3, 4 issues

Volume 2, 5 issues

Volume 1, 2 issues

The Journal
About the journal
Ethics and policies
Peer-review process
Submission guidelines
Submission form
Editorial board
Editors' interests
ISSN (electronic): 1944-4184
ISSN (print): 1944-4176
Author index
To appear
Other MSP journals
This article is available for purchase or by subscription. See below.
The elliptical case of an odds inversion problem

Kieran Hilmer, Angela Jin, Ron Lycan and Vadim Ponomarenko

Vol. 16 (2023), No. 3, 431–452

A recent paper by R. Moniot investigates the problem of, given a probability p q, finding a number of red and blue balls such that, when drawing two balls without replacement, the probability of drawing different colored balls is p q. In this paper we deepen our understanding of the case where p q > 1 2 by finding bounds of the number of solutions for a given probability m 2m1 with m and characterize “families” of probabilities that are guaranteed to have more than two solutions. We also estimate the number of achievable probabilities in the ranges [ m 2m1,1] and ( m+1 2m+1, m 2m1). Finally, we show that the “recycling recurrence” only exists for x1 = n2 n, y1 = n2, and y2 = n2 + n for n .

PDF Access Denied

We have not been able to recognize your IP address as that of a subscriber to this journal.
Online access to the content of recent issues is by subscription, or purchase of single articles.

Please contact your institution's librarian suggesting a subscription, for example by using our journal-recom­mendation form. Or, visit our subscription page for instructions on purchasing a subscription.

You may also contact us at
or by using our contact form.

Or, you may purchase this single article for USD 30.00:

odds inversion, recycling recurrence, probability, balls, urns
Mathematical Subject Classification
Primary: 11A99, 11D09
Secondary: 11Z05
Received: 2 January 2022
Revised: 10 June 2022
Accepted: 13 June 2022
Published: 10 August 2023

Communicated by Scott T. Chapman
Kieran Hilmer
San Diego State University
San Diego, CA
United States
Angela Jin
Torrey Pines High School
San Diego, CA
United States
Ron Lycan
San Diego State University
San Diego, CA
United States
Vadim Ponomarenko
Department of Mathematics and Statistics
San Diego State University
San Diego, CA
United States